Eye Bank & Eye Donation
Today, there are about 60 millions people blind in the whole world, out of which every 5th is an Indian. This means that there are about 12 million blind persons in India at present. Various Corneal Di-orders account to 25% of these blinds. Its important to know that vision could have been restored to all of the 3 million people if they would have got Eye Donation.
But at present, the rate of eye donation in India is very low compared to what is required. This is because of the unawareness about the Eye Donation and Transplantation among the common people. Also there are some myths regarding eye donation prevailing in the community. It must to known to all that there is a need to become aware about the necessity of eye donation and to remove the false beliefs about it.
MAKE A PLEDGE :
Do make a pledge to donate your eyes upon your death. Making a pledge is a mental decision and the first step in making your corneas available to someone who is corneally blind.
When you make a pledge you must do it along with your family since they are the ones who will need to call the nearest eye bank for removal of the corneas. It is also important that they understand the importance of eye donation and your wish to have your corneas used by another human being. This will spur them into action in their hour of grief.
DONATING EYES :
Anyone can donate eyes.
All that needs to be done is that close relatives or friends who take care of the body of the deceased must immediately call us or the nearest eye bank so that the corneas can be removed with in six hours of the time of death. Making a pledge helps tell those who take charge of the body after death that the deceased had a wish of eye donation. According to Indian law the final decision for cornea removal is with the custodians of the deceased body. It is therefore very important to inform these people of your wish to have your eyes donated.
To have your eyes donated it is not a must to make a pledge but the pledge can help. While making this pledge the entire family must be involved so that they can remember to call the eye bank immediately after the death.
The process of removing the eyes from the body of the deceased is called enucleation. Although it is only the corneas that are finally used, the entire eye is removed and transported in special refrigerated containers to the eye bank. The enucleation procedure ensures minimum disfiguring to the body. Enucleation takes only 10-15 minutes and must happen within six hours from the time of death for the corneas to be usable. This doesnot cause any delay or interruption in the funeral ceremony of the deceased. A competent medical practitioner from our eye bank comes over with equipment. Most eye banks including Kota Eye Hospital have a 24 hour response service which receives calls and sends a medical practitioner for the enucleation.
Once the corneas are removed, they are transported to the eye bank and stored under special conditions until required for a surgery. The corneas are tested and graded. Some corneas are rejected since they are not suitable for transplant. These corneas are then given to colleges and hospitals for research. When a request comes for corneas a suitable match is made with the available corneas. If a cornea is found suitable it is provided to the eye surgeon for the surgery. The names of the donor and recipient are kept confidential.
Kota Eye HospitaI is striving to ensure that corneas are available so that all those who need them can find a suitable cornea with one of the nearby eye banks.
Corneas can be stored and transported for a good length of time. Most airlines carry corneas free of charge when they need to be carried to another city / country. This helps to ensure distribution of corneas to areas where they are required the most.
The need for corneas in India is very large and far outstrips their availability. Many corneally blind have to suffer for want of suitable corneas. It is this need that Kota Eye Hospital is working towards. To increase eye donation among the population of Indians so that more corneas can be used to relieve corneal blindness in the country.
For further information and Eye Donation Forms please contact us.